Getting rid of dark spots requires a rigorous skincare routine, with specifically targeted products. But even then, completely eliminating the dark spots can be tough to achieve, especially since topical skincare products only work on the epidermal layers (the topmost layers of skin), and melanin can be clustered throughout the different skin layers, from the epidermal to dermal layers.
There are several types of aesthetic treatments that can lighten or fade pigmentation, including chemical peels, microdermabrasion, intense pulsed light (IPL) and lasers. The first two work on the skin surface to remove the topmost layer of skin and accelerate cell renewal, so if your pigmentation is at the surface of the skin, you are likely to see your dark spots lightening after going for these treatments.
And doctors are, increasingly, using a combination of lasers customised to an individual’s skin concern to get the best results possible. Some of the lasers used include the Q-switch lasers (a laser that delivers light energy at nanosecond intervals) which are good for removing surface freckles and deeper-seated pigmentation such as age spots, and pico lasers which deliver higher light energy pulses at picosecond intervals (1,000 times faster than Q-switch lasers) that are said to lower the risk of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation as it heats up skin less (the longer the light energy stays on the skin, the hotter skin heats up to, which is why pico lasers are said to more effectively treat more “complicated” forms of pigmentation such as melasma, among others. Most aesthetic clinics offer some form of laser treatment and here are three clinics you can consider consulting with if you’re keen on laser treatments.